In the Press

Mulligan’s Magazine will be the premiere golf and country club lifestyle magazine in the country.


Coral Springs, FL,Feb. 17, 2011 – First Cut Marketing, Inc is pleased to announce the launch of Mulligan’s Magazine. Mulligan’s Magazine will be the premiere golf and country club lifestyle magazine in the country.

Mulligan’s Magazine is written for and distributed to private country clubs, yachting & sport fishing clubs, equestrian clubs, and elite social and fitness clubs throughout the United States. Stacey Palmer, President of First Cut Marketing, Inc. states: “We are very excited about the inaugural issue which should be available in our first target markets in June of 2011.”

Information regarding the inaugural issue can be found on the company’s website

First Cut Marketing, Inc is a publishing company that specializes in premiere boutique publications for the affluent lifestyle. In addition to Mulligan’s Magazine, First Cut Marketing will be publishing other first class productions in the near future.

Letter from the editor


Welcome to the inaugural issue of Mulligan’s Magazine!

After many months of research and developement we’re proud to announce the launch of our new and exciting publication Mulligan’s Magazine! We’ve spent countless hours of market research so we can provide you with a local publication specifically designed to provide you with the premiere local content, photos, and businesses in your city.

First Cut Marketing and Mulligans magazine are extremely excited about our new partnership with some of the countries most prestigious private-equity and high-end public and semi-private golf courses, elite social clubs, and marina’s. Now you’ll be able to pick up a copy of Mulligan’s Magazine anywhere you live, work, or play!

Enjoy Mulligan’s Magazine and Hit ’em Straight!

Mike Rao
Mulligan’s Magazine

About US

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Wilfred Owen #6

How Winfred Owen uses Poetic techniques to convey the horror of War

Wilfred Owen’s poems are saturated with the horrors of war. By use of a range of poetic techniques, Owen is able to convey the horror of war. These techniques enable him to put forward his war scenes in not only a horrific but also a memorable manner. This is because of the disturbing themes and images brought about by Owen‘s poems that that stays in the mind of the readers for a long time after reading the poem. Winfred Owens’ Objective is to illustrate the horrors of war and not merely creating poetry. The main aim of this essay is to analyze Owen Winfred’s two of his well known Poems, ‘Dulce et Decorum Est’ and ‘Disabled’ and how they convey horror of war by use of use poetic techniques.

In the poem ‘Disabled’ Owen conveys the really tragedy of war effectively. Many people in the contemporary generation commonly think of the tragedy of war as only affecting those killed during war. It is common for many people of the current generation to think only of those killed during the war. Nevertheless, Winfred Owen skillfully uses language techniques to make the reader to remember that apart from the people killed in war, the survivors could have suffered brutally. For example, Owen lays his focus on a young man who is harmed because he is “legless, sewn short at elbow” after returning from war.

Winfred Owen writes the poem with great technique to pass his message. For instance, he uses the contrasting memories of the recruits as well as his new views to create the recruits contrasting memories and new views to create the true feelings of the victims. Some examples are these quotes from the poem, “He thought be better join in” – he wonders why. “Voices of boys rang saddening like a hymn”, “About this time town used to swing so gay”

Through the poem “Disabled” Winfred Owen is able to effectively illustrate how the lifestyle of a soldier changes dramatically. The soldier was once was once a great athlete, well-liked by young women but now he is destined to be on a wheelchair. His former lovers “they touch him like a queer disease”, and he sadly watches how “their eyes pass from him to the strong men that were whole”. The society no longer sees him as a normal person. Winfred gives an example where an artist who once wanted to paint him but “Now he is old, his back will never brace; he’s lost his color very far from home”.

In the poem ‘Dulce et Decorum Est’ the technique employed by Wilfred Owen convey the horror of war is that of imagery through which he uses vivid descriptions and a strong language. Owen uses the imagery in “Dulce Et decorum Est” where he once again uses vivid and descriptive language such as when talking about the face of a soldier affected by toxic chemical agents that were used by the Germans in the war.  “And watch the white eyes writhing in his face, His hanging face, like a devil’s sick of sin.” In these lines, Winfred manages to implant the various graphic languages.

In his poem, ‘Ducle ET Decorum Est’, he uses a simile “coughing like hags” to express the pain the soldiers faced in stanza. In line 1a simile is also used to compare soldiers marching to beggars, “Bent double, like old beggars under sacks”. “Double” illustrates that the soldiers present two images of people; one reflecting on the other; one before the war and the other what they look like now. More similes in line two “knocked-knees, coughing like hugs”

Imagery used in line 19 is horrendous “And watch the white eyes writhing in his face”. One may imagine that the eyes were alive of their own, the horror of eyes being presented as though they are almost detaching from their own body. Imagery in line 21 ‘gargling blood” and “incurable sores “used is also illustrates the body of the soldiers as it is breaking down entirely.

Owen uses punctuation “Gas!  Gas!  Quick, boys!” in line 9 to shows the immediacy and urgency of a reaction or response during the gas attack and the seriousness of the gas attack is also illustrated by a “green sea” metaphor referring to the mist of the gas “I saw him drowning” which led to “froth corrupted lungs”.


Present a close analysis of the poem’s subject matter



Owen’s main theme is about war. There is a never ending nightmare of unexpected attacks and muddy trenches. With the new fangled World War I technology, there need not be a real enemy to start a devastating destruction of the ‘enemy.’ For example, Dulce et Decorum Est, which is set in the middle of a gas attack explores the intense agony of a warlord suddenly insane as well as the unfortunate men who struggle in it. The poem, Dulce et Decorum Est, asks, “how can anyone condone so much suffering?”


This is a recurring theme in Owen’s war poetry. According to Owen, the strength of war can bring spiritual revelation or futility. Owen’s poems seem to question the authority of God. More often than not, Owen seems to disregard God and he has a more pagan view of nature and life. He addresses religionin most of the poetry above.

Notion of Unseen Scars

The notion of unseen scars is also a habitual theme in Owen’s war poetry. He puts a lot of focus on how, although a soldier may return home from war either alive or even injured, he/she will never be physically the same either mentally or physically prior to the war. In the poem disabled, he vividly describes a soldier’s pain is not his but through the people reacting through his situation. because of this, the soldier will never experience life to the fullest ever again.


There is also the theme of death this time, “Death had not missed.”The poem starts from a death soldier whom his colleagues believe that he might wake up if they put him at the sun. The persona says that it is the kind old sun that knows whether he will resurrect or not. In the poem “Mental Cases” in an allusion from Macbeth emphasizes the mass death witnessed by these men. He uses alliteration in Line 2 and 3 in which the speaker invites the reader to share the horror they are witnessing.

The “Mental Cases” poem, the simile teeth that leer like skull’s teeth wicked?” connect the dead and the living. Also, in the allusion from Macbeth, death is emphasized for the men have witnessed by force “Multitudinous murders” which is actualized by death when war is related directly to murders, as illustrated both in line 2 and 3.





Language Techniques Used


The sun is given human characteristics of being able to touch the dead soldier and arouse him from sleep. The sun is also characterized as being able to whisper to the man. The persona is again referring to the sun being kind when he says, ‘The kind old sun will know ‘, first stanza the last line.


There is use of half- rhyme “sun/unsown” “once/France” “star/stir” which the poet uses to create the sense that the soldiers had become frustrated and despaired. The “sun”, for example, is expected to rhyme with a word such as “fun” but we get the word “unsown”. However, in the entire poem “Dulce Et Decorum Est”, there is rhyme in all stanzas, for instance, in stanza one, “sacks/backs”, “sludge/trudge”, “boots/hoots”. The rhyme also implies that the soldiers were consistently dismayed due to frustrations.

Rhetorical questions

Winfred questions the “sun” why it should bring about life if it has no power to prevent death.   He emphasizes the pointlessness of war due to the inability of the greatest being ‘sun” allows its subjects to enter into war but is short of the ability to save them “O what made fatuous sunbeams toil / to break earth’s sleep at all. The rhetoric questions in the poem “Disabled” “And put him into bed? Why don’t they come?”  Refers to the final declaration implying “Disabled”




This is where the poet uses phrases with additional meaning for example in the poem; ‘Futility’ the phrase, ‘whispering of fields unsown’ refers to the life not lived.

(Poems by Winfred Owen, n.d.).

Describe how the poem is representative of the sentiments and the style of Owen’s poetry in general.

Transcript of a speech for an HSC Study Day


Futility means uselessness. Life is useless, valueless and baseless. You would have wished to be alive in the middle of World War I but death would have been your best friend at the time. Young men yearned to go to war, for the perceived privileges, probably some form of exploration, adventurer or some gifts and money, but soon or later, they cried loud for their “mama”. Death by the bullet or explosion caught a friend in combat leading to sudden death but the rest had to move on. The bodies had become tattered, the ears were filled with gunshots and explosions, eyes witnessed numerous either “sleeping death bodies” probably waiting to rise by the blow  of the trumpet, while others’ had different parts of the body in different unknown places and no hope of ever coming to life again. Those who survived dreamt aloud talked to themselves or were in hospital. The war continued and many lost their lives, reason for war was not clear but there were enemies to be defeated.





1 Define the term disease. Outline one difficulty encountered in formulating an accurate definition of disease. 



Disease is the malfunctioning of the of the whole or part of the body of an anima, a plant or in a society which interrupts or alters the performance of the vital functions, results from a response of the body to the to the environmental factors such as inherent defects, termed as genetic anomalies, specific infective agents like bacteria or a combination of two or more of these factors.

Disease may also be defined as a state of comprehensive well being physically, mentally and socially, and not merely the absence of infirmity or disease (World Health Organization)


The term disease has a wide meaning hence cannot be limited to the basic definition such as impairment of the body leading to malfunctioning. Some impairment such as having a big scar will limit the effective functioning of the skin but it will not necessarily be a disease. Disability is not a disease but it comprises of impairments which can lead to malfunctioning.


The medically, the definition is correct whether the disease is core or primal or a condition labeled a disease by virtue of consensus on prevalent medical or socio-cultural medical values.

When disease is defined epidemiologically, an accurate definition of the burden of specific disease is difficult due to difficulties in the diagnosis of the disease within a given population for especially in areas with higher infection of HIV among the children (Graham, 25).

Sometimes, a person without any disease may not be considered to be health or a person suffering from disease may be classified as healthy. This is where the definition given by WHO applies particularly relating physical fitness with disease. A similar relation can be derived separately with other aspects related to disease such as mental and spiritual fitness.



2 Outline two ways in which mitosis assists in the maintenance of health? 

(i)    Effective process of mitosis.

Mitosis is the process of cell division which results in production of identical body or somatic cells which contributes to growth, replacement of worn out cells, repair of damaged tissue and genetic stability. Mitosis ensures there is an equal distribution of chromosomes to each daughter nucleus, same number and kind of chromosomes as in all the other as well as the parent cell.

Mitosis enables the cells to function normally and ensures that the tissues are repaired and maintained regularly. The division of cells closes produces more cells that replace damaged tissues near them.  Health cells contain genes code for the proteins that regulate cell cycle and the entire process of mitosis in healthy cells. There is therefore,


(ii)_ Genes and Mitosis:


The information stored in DNA plays a major role in maintenance of health. A gene is a hereditary protein unit which regulates the polypeptide production which make up proteins found in the cell. Normal genes are produced as a result of a successful process of mitosis. Normal functioning of the cells, growth and repair of worn out tissues is dependent on these proteins. If a particular gene, may interfere with the mitotic process, leading to inability of the cells to function properly resulting to an onset of a disease.



3 Define the term pathogen and provide an example of a macroscopic pathogen and a microscopic pathogen. 


Pathogens are organisms that can cause a disease when they occur in a right doze in the body of animals.


Macroscopic pathogen:



Microscopic pathogen:



4 Distinguish between infectious and non-infectious diseases. Give an example of each. 

Infectious diseases results from organisms that is transferable from one person to another either directly or indirectly. Direct transfer of the organisms may involve the transfer of bacteria and viruses through direct contact such as a handshake or unprotected sex. In indirect transfer, the disease-causing organisms are carried by an intermediary. Examples of infectious diseases include chicken pox, influenza and measles.

Non-infectious diseases do not result from disease causing organisms but may be caused by lifestyle such as cardiovascular disease or be inherited such as Down syndrome and hemophilia (HSC Online).



5 Water supplies of most major cities and towns in Australia are treated before the water is piped to consumers. Outline one possible treatments used on domestic water supplies and explain how it reduces the risk of infection by pathogens. 


Treatment _

        i.            Sedimentation and coagulation are physical methods of water treatment process. In sedimentation, some particles in standing water spontaneously settle at the bottom. If the particles settle slowly or are unlikely to settle, coagulants are added (coagulation). 

      ii.            Filtration involves the removal of smaller particles by passing the water through substances such as sand in sand filtration and other newly developed synthetic materials that are able to trap them.

    iii.            Adsorption is used to remove substances dissolved in water by physically of chemically binding them to the filter material.

    iv.            Oxidation: some chemicals which are strongly reactive are used as disinfectants of water and get rid of soluble contaminants by destroying them.


How the treatment reduces the risk of infection

Disinfection kills all pathogens and removes toxins which can potentially causes disease.

Adsorption removes substances which could be insoluble from the water thus preventing them from getting into the body. If not removed, they may clog the system and interfere with transport in the body or lead to some forms of cancer.




6 Koch developed a methodology that shows if a particular suspect pathogen is the cause of a given disease. Use point form to summarize the steps (in order) in Koch’s postulates. 


Koch’s postulates:

  1. There must be a regular association between the organism and its characteristic lesions with the disease.
  2. The suspected organism must be separated from the host that diseased and cultured.
  3. The disease has to be reproduced when the organism from a pure culture is introduced to a healthy organism, which is susceptible.
  4. The cultured organism has to be re-isolated from the host that has been experimentally infected (McGrath).





7 (a) Use carefully labelled diagrams and words to outline an experiment that could be performed to show that the microorganisms that cause food to spoil do not develop by spontaneous generation.

Procedure of Spallanzani Experiment:

  1. Spallanzani boiled two flasks each filled with gravy.
  2. He left one flask open to the air
  3. He sealed the other flask


The open flask contained many microscopic organisms while the sealed flask had none


Microorganisms live in air; they entered the flask from the open air and not from the gravy (“Spontaneous Generation.”, N.p)

(b) If the microorganisms that cause food to spoil do not come from spontaneous generation, where do they come from?


According to Lois Pasteur, microorganisms that cause food to decay come from other microorganisms. Microorganisms do not arise spontaneously.



8 (a) Make a labelled diagram to show how an insect vector transmits malaria from one person to another. Your diagram should include the life cycle of the organism that transmits malaria. 



(Malaria Transmission Cycle)





(b) Outline ways in which malaria can be treated, prevented and controlled.



The method of treating malaria is determined by the species of the parasite that caused the malaria, the place in the world the infection occurred and the severity of infection or disease. There are several drugs available for the treatment of malaria and the prescription depends on which of the three factors apply. Some of the malaria causing are resistant to ant malarial drugs.


Prevention of malaria requires A, B, C and D


  • Awareness of risk.
  • Bite avoidance.
  • Chemoprophylaxis –take preventive medicine when traveling to or leaving a malaria prone area.
  • Diagnosis made promptly and treatment of malaria early.

Other preventive methods are:



Reducing the population infected with malaria, early diagnosis and treatment to cure the disease which helps in curbing drug resistance.


9 Choose one named infectious disease caused by a virus, bacterium, or fungus and complete the following table with reference to your chosen disease.  


Name of disease;

Tuberculosis (TB)

Cause of disease;

It is caused by bacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis)


Method of transmission;

Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is through the air when infected people come in contact with health people especially in a poorly ventilated enclosure. This can be through coughing, sneezing, singing or laughs


Host response;

It is not every one infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis develops active TB But only about 10% develops “active” TB hence diagnose positive for the disease.


Major symptoms;

i.            Tiredness

ii.             Weight loss

iii.            Persistent cough

iv.            Night sweats

v.            coughing up blood


This takes at least six months. It involves:

  • Use of drugs such as isoniazid (INH), rifampin (RIF) and rifapentine (RPT)
  • Treatment of TB disease is by taking drugs for 6-9 months. The first-line anti-TB agents approved by the US include: isoniazid (INH), rifampin (RIF), ethambutol (EMB, pyrazinamide (PZA)
  • Follow up chest x-rays



Travelers to avoid prolonged contact with people known to have TB

Travelers intending to work in health facilities need to consult occupational health experts or infection control.

Taking a tuberculin skin test in case of a prolonged contact with people infected with TB.



i.            Prompt detection of patients infected with TB

ii.             airborne precautions,

iii.            Treatment of people who have suspected or confirmed TB disease.


10(a) Antibiotics were developed to kill bacteria. However over time many bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics. Briefly explain how bacteria develop antibiotic resistance.


There are three possible ways bacteria can develop resistance. This may be through being intrinsically resistant to a certain class of antimicrobial agents, may become resistant as a result of de novo mutation or if they acquire resistant genes which enable the infectious bacteria to synthesize enzymes capable of destroying the antimicrobial agents.



(b) Are antibiotics effective in the control of a virus? Explain why or why not.


Antibiotics are ineffective for the control of viral infection. The viruses penetrate and live inside the cells where antibiotics cannot reach.



11 (a) What is the cause of prion diseases? Name one example of a prion disease. 


Prions are neurodegenerative diseases caused by Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) which affect domestic and wild animals and even human beings. The Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) convert the normal prion protein (prp) to form the abnormal and misfolded PrPSc responsible for the disease. Example of a prion disease is Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) (Biological Safety Manual).





(b) Outline one method by which prion diseases can be transmitted.


The diseases are transmitted by ingestion of tissues infected with the infectious agents Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE).



12 Briefly outline the distinguishing features of fungi and name one fungal disease. 


  1. Majority of them grow as tubular filaments known as hyphae which form a mass known as mycelium.
  2. Dispersion is by sporulation
  3. They are heterotrophic; some living as saprophytes while others is symbiotic.
  4. The hyphae walls are lined with a polymer of N-acetylglucosamine, chitin (“Fungi.” RCN D.C. Metro).

References Top of Form

Bottom of Form

BIOLOGICAL SAFETY MANUAL: DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY BIOLOGICAL SAFETY OFFICE.” google. UNIVERSITY of LOUISVILLE, n.d. Web. 12 July 2013. < &ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-beta>.

“Fungi.” RCN D.C. Metro | High-Speed Internet, Digital Cable TV & Phone Service Provider. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 July 2013. <>.

“HSC Online – Search for better health: 2. Infectious and non-infectious diseases.” NSW HSC Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 July 2013. <>.

“Malaria Transmission Cycle.” google. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 July 2013. <>.

Graham, Stephen. TB a clinical manual. .2. ed. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2004. Print.

McGrath, Simon. “Kochs postulates in the 21st century | Phoenix Rising ME / CFS Forums.” Phoenix Rising ME / CFS Forums. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 July 2013. <>.

“Spontaneous Generation.” hildofthecornx.livejournal. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 July 2013. <>.

Community Services




Community Services

Name of student

Name of Institution










Task A

A Community Services organization

Researching on a community services organization that provides services to the community and uses one or more of the models of service delivery


  1. What is the name of the community service organization?

The Smith Family

  1. What is the purpose of this organization?

The Smith Family is basically a children’s charity that is geared at assisting disadvantaged children in Australia for them to get an access to the basic education that can help them create better futures.

  1. Identify one of the models of service delivery in this organization.

It will be realized that the changing environment truly creates opportunities and challenges that revolve around those involved in giving out services within the community sector. It will thus be documented that the fundamental challenge relates to how the service program is to be delivered and the needs of the community that the program will meet. Scholars reveal that service delivery models usually differ in terms of the rationale underlying the activities, goals, purposes, outputs and the procedures followed in identifying the disadvantaged needs. The Smith Family relies on the community development model in its duty towards delivering services to the entire community.


  1. Describe this model of service delivery within the organization.

Studies extend to reveal that an augmented awareness of the limitations attached to the focus of programs by the individual client in the welfare model actually started in is during this time when the service providers started to be aware that services and programs should in fact focus more on individuals as community members. It is believed that for programs to be widely accepted and effective they must be implemented in a collaborative manner and should also rely on consultations from the community. Programs that are designed in this model usually ensure that the individuals in collaboration with their families are not perceived as isolated units but rather as part of the larger fabric of the community irrespective of their age, ethnicity or geographical locations. It is held that this move that entails change from individual focus to a community focus basically implies a change that lies within the locus of power. Community development model programs are therefore geared at increasing the decision power of the individuals within the entire community.

Based on this model, the members in the community are recognized as professionals in their area and also as integrals in the process of consultation. The approach of the community development towards delivering services gives the individuals an opportunity to participate in implementation, decision making and planning on the programs that purely influence their lives. It will further be documented that the programs’ scope in this paradigm usually goes beyond the provision of solutions that are short term in nature to instant problems through expanding the focus and identifying the cyclical and systematic nature of the various problems that are experienced by most of the families that are disadvantaged. The community development model in most cases recognizes the importance of self help and further designs programs that help in promoting and building social capital in the entire community.


  1. What target group does the organization provide services to?

Disadvantaged children


  1. Describe how the organization demonstrates the principles of access and equity in relation to the target group.

The smith family ensures that it can be accessed in various parts of the country and in turn provide equitable services to all of the disadvantaged children. It delivers its programs through face to face interactions, individual and group based work and also through telecommunications and online technology. The group based work usually offers participating parents and students with an extra support from peers that even proceeds after the organized activities. The diversity established in the methods of delivery actually ensures that there is responsiveness and flexibility that is very crucial to the diverse group of disadvantaged young people who are geographically dispersed throughout Australia having dissimilar communication preferences and needs. To instill equality the organization is aimed at ensuring that most of the students in Australia who are disadvantaged receive equal support through funding their educational requirements without any favor whatsoever.


  1. Discuss two policies or procedures that employees within the organization must follow.

The employees must offer a comprehensive support that actually addresses the several needs of the students. They are therefore required to provide support to the disadvantaged students irrespective of their age, color, gender and nationality. The employees are also required to provide support to the families of the disadvantaged children. They should therefore provide an environment that is safe, nurturing and caring for the young people and children who are taking part in this program. In addition the employees are dictated to provide mentoring support to the disadvantaged children. The employees therefore should offer network support through coaching, mentoring, tutoring and in taking part in extra curriculum activities that are aimed at the crucial transition stages in educating the students.


  1. Discuss one current issue in the community services industry that is impacting on this organization, e.g. reduced government funding.

It will be realized that the community services industry in Australia is one among the largest industries employing about 12% of the entire workforce. The workforce in these organizations faces numerous challenges during their operation. In regard to the Smith Family several issues seem to mushroom that affect their performance. The community has a high demand for care which is actually driven by the increased expectations and ageing population at the time when the government funding is quite low. This has increased the number of children in need of support enabling the organization to seek alternatives from corporate support and donations.


Task B

Industry information and working in team

Answer the following questions:

1.      Describe a community service worker’s responsibility in relation to each of the following:

         Child protection

The worker should emphasis on the small steps that make sure that the family and the children understand each other well to prevent possible conflicts. The community service workers are required to involve the children and their families in the process of formulating decisions that have an effect on them through offering opportunities and choices to for input. He or she should demonstrate empathy and sensitivity concerning the anxiety that the family and children experiences.

         Duty of care

In regard to the duty of care the community service workers should preserve a close relationship with most of the social service organizations so as to obtain positive outcomes for the families and children. The workers should help in case management and in supporting the clients whenever they seek guidance on various issues. They should encourage the clients to participate in recreational activities which encourages socialism and prevents boredom. The service providers are also responsible in ensuring that there is confidentiality and privacy of the clients. It will further be documented that the community service workers should abide by the reasonable instructions that entail service provision and should not entail in use of any drugs.

         Work health and safety

The community service workers should actually do satisfying and meaningful work. They should further be honest and open in their execution of their duties to avoid fraud, favoritism and other vices. This in turn calls for transparency and accountability. It is generally accepted that the service workers should work in an environment that is safe and conducive. They should report hazards in time and should not adversely affect the safety of the fellow workers. This implies that they should take reasonable care so as to protect their own safety and heath.

2.      What are a community service worker’s rights and responsibilities within a community service organization?

The community service workers have the right to be listened and respected. They should honor and understand the commitments of tasks and time. According to many scholars the community service workers have the right to do pleasing and meaningful work and work in environment that is safe. They should also follow similar principles of conduct just like the paid staff. They should get a pre-approval from the relevant department before starting the community service. In addition, community service workers should be sincere to their supervisors and ought to revere the confidentiality of the clients being helped


3.      What are the rights and responsibilities of an employer within a community service organization?

The employer should maintain and also provide a workplace, systems and equipment that are actually safe and do not create health related risks. The employers should be geared at providing training, instruction, supervision and information to the workers. The employer should monitor the workers’ health, workplace conditions and maintain records on the safety and health of the workers. It is also held that the employers should employ qualified professionals to offer advice regarding care, safety, health and protection of both the workers and people whom services are rendered to. It will further be recognized that the employers offer reliable information in the relevant languages pertaining their issues in the workplace.

4.      Discuss three ways a community service worker can work appropriately in a team.

A community service worker can work appropriately in a team especially when assisting the community groups in developing, evaluating, planning and maintaining support networks and community programs and resources. He or she works tirelessly in ensuring that the targeted community groups obtain the necessary support. A community service worker can perfect his or her effort in the team especially in the duty to research, examine and in helping the relevant departments that design policies regarding community service. He or she can ensure that the appropriate samples of study are obtained and proper analysis of data is carried out in the view of developing the appropriate community policies. A community service worker through coordination of seminars and meetings can help in raising the public and community awareness to address the welfare rights of the people hence building up the teamwork.



Task C

Career Opportunities

               The most important sector in the community service industry is the youth counseling. This is actually a good career direction for the reasons that one is able to help young people to become active, being involved and in discovering their own way towards their future. As a youth counselor you motivate young people to generate feasible ideas, obtaining funding for their projects, give them an affirmative self-image and in offering them the opportunity to discover the whole world. In addition, as a youth counselor you encourage the young people in opening their minds and making them become conscious of their identity and in discovering their position in the society. Career pathway is generally an integrated compilation of services and programs that are aimed at developing the core academics of the student, employability and technical skills through provision of continuous training and education. In preparation of career pathway of the youth counseling sector in the community service industry one is required to attend the community colleges. These colleges coordinate remediation, academic credentialing and in offering occupational training. This makes the youth counselor to be able to identify the problems of the young people in society and strategically help in combating them through a skillful organization of the available resources and seeking external funding. The career pathway in this field therefore entails an intense training so as to obtain highly skilled and trained youth counselors.

Currently I posses the necessary skills and knowledge required in becoming a youth counselor. I have good communication and interpersonal skills. I have the ability to perform my duties independently and have a non-judgmental attitude. I have a good command in both leadership and initiative perspectives where I can significantly relate it to the young populace.  Additional skills such as social perceptiveness will later be attained after being aware of the reactions of the youth because I will be able to understand the necessitating factors. Through training and education I will be able to gain knowledge of the principles that are required in teaching and training the youth in coming up and building their ideas into feasible projects.